Fitness in general comprises both aerobic and anaerobic aspects. The goal of doing fitness exercises is, ideally, to produce a complete athlete, capable enough to confront various physical and emotional requirements.
We’ll talk about trainings which don’t make oxygen obligation and which are normally called ‘trainings of aerobic exertion’. Efficacy in training demands a frequency between 60 80% of the maximum cardiac frequency (calculated based on the formula 720-age – in years).
Specific cardio machines are used by aerobic fitness: treadmill, classic or elliptical trainer, stepper, etc. Dosing the exertion depends upon the type as well as the real goals of every sportsman.
Usually, the mezomorphic and ectomorphic kinds, which don’t collect substantial amounts of subcutaneous adipose tissue, will have to practice for a fairly short period (20 30 minutes per training in two or three trainings per week, in nonconsecutive days). Now is essential for realizing an effective cardiac stimulation, without the danger of losing muscle mass.
It’s wellknown that only after 20 30 minutes your body starts to marshal the fat ‘deposits’. Before this, in the start of the instruction, the dynamic assistance of the effort is ensured by the hepatic and muscular glycogen, the same as in efforts, that are supported completely by the glycogen from also the liver and the muscles.
This is among the chief reasons for advocating, in programs designed for losing weight, aerobics – they are the largest and fastest ‘fat burners’. Obviously, another huge gains of the exercises appear at the pulmonary, cardiovascular, emotional and other amounts.
A real euphoria is discovered in the mental level during aerobic training. This really is inspired by the amount of endorphins created within the human body by this kind of attempt. Endorphins, also called hormones of well-being, aren’t created in such a huge amount during anaerobic effort. Anaerobic training determines a huge launch of catecholamine (adrenaline, noradrenalin), which are considered anxiety hormones.
A disadvantage of aerobic fitness is, first of all, nondeveloping a fortified and strong musculature, due to the decreased muscle efforts. We may also detect (and ) the monotony resist should of working out, which is lengthy and insistent.
However, broadly speaking, the benefits of aerobic fitness are irreplaceable and remarkable.